Keep DRÆMing: Discriminative 3D anomaly detection through anomaly simulation

Pattern Recognition Letters, 2024
Recent surface anomaly detection methods rely on pretrained backbone networks for efficient anomaly detection. On standard RGB anomaly detection benchmarks these methods achieve excellent results but fail on 3D anomaly detection due to a lack of pretrained backbones that suit this domain. Additionally, there is a lack of industrial depth data that would enable the backbone network training that could be used in 3D anomaly detection models. Discriminative anomaly detection methods do not require pretrained networks and are trained using simulated anomalies. The process of simulating anomalies that fit the domain of industrial depth data is not trivial and is necessary for training discriminative methods. We propose a novel 3D anomaly simulation process that follows the natural characteristics of industrial depth data and generates diverse deformations, making it suitable for training discriminative anomaly detection methods. We demonstrate its effectiveness by adapting the DRÆM method to work on 3D anomaly detection, thus obtaining 3DRÆM, a strong discriminative 3D anomaly detection model. The proposed approach achieves excellent results on the MVTec3D anomaly detection benchmark where it achieves state-of-the-art results on both 3D and RGB+3D problem setups, significantly outperforming competing methods.


<a href="">Keep DRÆMing: Discriminative 3D anomaly detection through anomaly simulation</a>