Combining Reconstructive and Discriminative Subspace Methods for Robust Classification and Regression by Subsampling
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 2006
Linear subspace methods that provide sufficient reconstruction of the data such as PCA offer an efficient way of dealing with missing pixels, outliers, and occlusions that often appear in the visual data. Discriminative methods, such as LDA and CCA, which on the other hand, are better suited for classification and regression tasks, are highly sensitive to corrupted data. We present a theoretical framework for achieving best of both types of methods: an approach that combines the discrimination power of discriminative methods with the reconstruction property of reconstructive methods which enables one to work on subsets of pixels in images, to efficiently detect and reject the outliers. The proposed approach is therefore capable of robust classification/regression with a high-breakdown point. The theoretical results are demonstrated on several computer vision tasks showing that the proposed approach significantly outperforms the standard discriminative methods in the case of missing pixels and images containing occlusions and outliers.